Many people find it difficult to smile at ease because they have the impression that it exposes their gums. Every individual has his or her conception of what defines a beautiful smile; however, a smile can be said to be gummy when it exposes about 4mm of the gum tissue.
If you think that your smile has a sticky effect, then you need to discover the leading cause of this feeling. It is essential because it will help the physician to recommend the appropriate cosmetic or periodontal procedure that will give you back the ideal outlook for your teeth and gums.
Causes of Gummy Smile
Several factors can lead to a gummy smile. Some of the major contributors include the tooth, lips, gum, or jaw. However, the method that we will deploy towards correcting the condition will vary according to the factor that caused it. Below we shall discuss the various elements and the similar approach that is used to adjust the defect.
Gum: If you notice that the length of your teeth is smaller compared to your gum, then, there is a possibility that a higher percentage have been buried in the gum. In such circumstance, the physician will deploy a periodontal surgery procedure known as “Crown lengthening.” The concept of crown lengthening involves the modeling and restructuring of the gum so that it will expose the complete length of the teeth.
Teeth: inaccurate tooth to gum length ratio or a gummy smile can be as a result of some natural differences in the tooth. In such a case, we can give a false length to the tooth by capping it (”crowning”) with the use of thin porcelain veneers. There are some cases where the tooth has worn down due to excessive grinding; this can lead to a situation known as “compensatory eruption” which makes the tooth to gradually creep out of the gum in response to the condition. When this happens, the patient will experience a gummy smile because the gum and tooth are stuck with each other.
When such a situation is reported, the doctor will apply an orthodontic treatment to return the joined tooth to its right position. Afterward, he would make use of porcelain crowns or veneers to correct the worn-out tooth.
Lip: It is discovered that during a full smile, there is a slight movement of the upper lips (6mm – 9mm) from its normal position. So, you will observe that when the lips move upwards, it exposes a significant area of your gum tissue. To control this situation, the dentist will need to adjust the muscles that control the movement of the lips, so that it will not move as high as revealing a more substantial part of your gum tissue.
This can be carried out through temporary remedies (Botox shots), which can last up to six months, or a permanent control (surgery). The surgical operation helps to regulate the extent to which the lips can move. It is known as “Lip stabilization.”
Jaw: Some individuals have an upper jaw that is longer to the length of their mouth; this is called “vertical maxillary excess.” In such circumstance, a surgical operation known as ”orthognathic” will be carried out on the patient to straighten and change the position of the jaw. The process is more complicated to other remedies, but the result is outstanding.