Endodontics is a field in dentistry that studies the internal tissues and structures in the tooth. A well-known endodontic therapy is root canal treatment, which is implored to provide relief to pains arising as a result of bacterial disease inside the pulp.
Aside from that, the therapy also helps to cleanse off the dead and decaying tissues. Perhaps, it is an immediate remedy to rescue the tooth from impending damage.
However, endodontics is not all about root canal treatments. The discipline also covers cases of dental trauma, tooth’s root issues, and besides, it examines the underlying cause of temporary pains experienced at one particular region of the tooth.
The Inside Story
Are you aware of the component inside your acclaimed healthy tooth?
There is the part of your tooth that is not visible to you; it occurs right behind your whitish/shiny enamel. It is called ‘Dentin.’ This dentin is also a part of the cementum that comprises of the outer layer of the tooth – perhaps, it is safe to say that it makes up a higher composition of the tooth’s structure.
Although it shares some similarities with the bone tissue, dentin is made up of a lot of tiny tubules that passes stimuli to the nerve cells when aroused.
Also, we have the ‘soft pulp tissue’ which is located inside the root canals. These tissues are made up of nerves, connecting tissues, and blood vessels which stretch into the middle of the tooth and leaves via channels that are close to the tip of the tooth’s root.
Whenever there is an issue with the soft pulp tissue, the initial symptoms comes with tooth sensitivity or sharp pain. With time, some of these nerves may die, and the pain will reduce. However, the underlying issues will persist, and if proper treatment is not administered, it can lead to tooth loss.
The “Root” of the Problem
Now let us look at the possible situations that can lead to an infected pulp tissue which can proceed to cause problems in the root canal. Unrecognized or neglected tooth decay is a situation that is most likely to cause this problem. The more it decays, the higher these bacteria penetrate deep into the tissues if the tooth.
Similarly, cracks or tooth porosity can cause foreign organisms to invade the pulp. Sports-related injuries can also damage the dentin and make it susceptible to diseases.
Other situations that can lead to infected pulp tissues are regular dental fillings on a particular tooth, and sometimes orthodontic procedures can expose the pulp to infections.
Root canal issues are not something anyone would want to experience. Nevertheless, treatment for root canal problems is aimed at relieving the pain that arises from this infection. The first step is to administer anesthesia to ensure the patient does not feel any discomfort.
Afterward, a little incision is created in the tooth surface to give way to the pulp and root canal. Then, the dentist uses a microscope together with a tiny tool to eliminate the dead tissues along the narrow pathway to the purple cavity.
After this is carried out, the next step is to cleanse, disinfect, and fill the path with a safe unreactive substance. Once this is achieved, it is essential to seal-back the incision to prevent invasion by microorganisms.
There are other endodontic therapies which will vary according to the cause of the infection. However, some cases of endodontic treatment might require an aftermath restoration. The restoration is done by placing a crown over the tooth. It helps to tooth to heal faster and strengthens it against any subsequent infection for years.
If you’re looking for an endodontist in Norwalk, CT, Dr. Carol Felder can help. Book your appointment today.