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Blood Pressure Medications & Your Gums

blood-pressureMost drugs typically have side effects ranging from mild to severe, depending on the medication and the individual. Before a medical professional prescribes a medication, they first need to compare the benefits of the drug to its side effects.

No matter how important that drug is, whether it is drug to reduce your blood pressure or pills that are needed to stop you from having an epileptic seizure – individuals may react to drugs differently. The side effect of a drug could be as mild as having nauseating feelings, minor aches, or drowsiness in some people while in others, it could be more severe.

For instance, some people who make use of calcium channel blockers (a drug used in treating people with hypertension and other heart diseases) may sometimes present with a condition called gingival hyperplasia. This condition causes an overgrowth of the gum. A similar situation occurs in people with epilepsy who makes use of the drug phenytoin (an anti-seizure drug).

Possible Side Effects of Blood Pressure Medication

CCBs causes blood vessels to widen for blood to flow smoothly. In a few numbers of people, it could result in their gum becoming swollen and lumpy while stretching to cover the teeth abnormally.

This new development could become embarrassing as it does not look good and could also make chewing difficult. This gum overgrowth could also result in poor oral hygiene as it becomes difficult to clean the teeth properly.

The growth could also lead to infection, thereby escalating the whole problem. Some CCBs causes a reduction in the protectiveness of the saliva on the teeth and gum by reducing saliva flow.

How Do You Take Care of Gum Overgrowth?


Should you start noticing any side effects from taking your drugs, you must notify a professional immediately. Do not stop your blood pressure medications as there are other ways to treat the condition medically.

Your doctor could recommend a change in either the dosage or blood pressure drug to one with milder side effects. Although it could take months for your gum to get back to normal, you need to maintain good oral hygiene throughout that period to hasten the healing process. In a situation where no changes can be made, then other available treatment plans can help the problem.

In some case, gum overgrowth can be treated through nonsurgical procedures involving scaling and root planing. Though surgery could be done if necessary, to remove excess gum tissues and remove the chances of getting periodontitis. Though there is a need for regular dental checkups, you need to take your oral hygiene at home serious by cleaning your mouth properly

Although gingival hyperplasia may seem overwhelming at first, it can be successfully treated through periodontal therapy. Good oral health and strict adherence to your dentist or doctor’s recommendation.

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