The primary purpose of dentistry is to ensure that your teeth are conserved using the best suitable approach. However, there are situations whereby the best method for your child’s tooth is to extract it entirely. Such situation can happen due to several reasons; sometimes, it can be a result of prolonged decay or an affected tooth that might become problematic later on. Also, it might arise because your teenage child needs to go through orthodontic treatment and does not have enough space to accommodate the adult teeth.
Nevertheless, irrespective of the reason, the complexity of an extraction procedure will depend on the area where the tooth needs to be removed together with the tooth’s root structure. For example, an incisor tooth is more straightforward to extract than a molar tooth because the former has a single tooth structure compared to the multiple structures in the latter. There are even cases where the molar tooth is prevented from growing by other teeth along the same path.
The process of tooth extraction is not rigid or painful because it is carried out by dental experts. Another wrong notion that many people have is that the tooth is firmly fixed in its surrounding bone. That is not correct – what holds your tooth in position is a chain of networks that connect it to the bone. These networks are referred to as periodontal ligaments, and they are fibrous. With careful operations within the tooth, the fibers can be removed and a tooth can be extracted without much stress.
Why do we Extract a tooth?
There can be a plethora of reasons for extracting a tooth, which include:
- Trauma or Disease — Either of these conditions might require the need for a tooth extraction. In such a situation, the best approach might be to remove the tooth altogether and restore the area with a permanent dental implant.
- Orthodontic Treatment — When too many teeth grow within the same area, it exerts a lot of pressure in the jaws. This, at this moment, requires urgent orthodontic treatment. Here, the method of extraction is to remove some of the crowded teeth and create a proper arrangement. The common tooth extracted due to orthodontic treatment are the premolars.
- Impacted Wisdom Teeth — An affected molar tooth must be extracted at an early stage before it affects the surrounding gum, bone, nerves, and other healthy teeth.
- Baby Teeth — If there is an improper alignment of the baby teeth or tooth, the permanent one beneath it might be affected. Therefore, such a situation requires the extraction of the baby tooth or teeth in order to be properly realigned.
The Process of Tooth Extraction
Before an extraction can occur, an X-ray analysis of the teeth must take place. This allows the doctor to decipher the position of the tooth roots, as well as well as the condition of the surrounding bones. The result will act as a guide to determine the approach to the dental procedure. The patient’s medical history will also be assessed in order to determine whether they are healthy enough to undergo the therapeutic process.
What then is the pathway for the operation? Anesthesia is administered at the initial stage to render the area if treatment insensitive. Discuss the type of anesthesia you want to use with your doctor. The dentist can also prescribe certain sedatives if the process is a complex one.
As the tooth extraction commences, some precautions are out in place to avoid destroying the surrounding bones. One of the precautionary measures is to place a bone grafting substance prepared in the lab into the tooth socket to help conserve the bone volume. It is essential to carry out this process, particularly when a dental implant will follow the extraction.