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Facial Trauma and Reconstructive Surgery


Facial traumas are injuries that have multiple effects on our facial appearance. For example, auto accidents, sports injuries, violent activities, and other similar mishaps. These wounds can affect the soft or hard tissue structures surrounding the jaws, face, or mouth. It can also extend to some fragile regions such as underneath the eyes, salivary glands, or facial nerves.

Whenever there is a case of facial injuries, urgent and thorough treatment is required to save the patient. This is the reason why most emergency clinics have on-spot oral and maxillofacial surgeons. The treatments mostly include a combination of physical and psychological processes. And thus, they are handled by skilled oral and maxillofacial surgeons at the hospital.

Treatments for Facial Injury

The basis of treatment depends on the complexity of the trauma. Most traumas are relatively less severe – common among cases of tooth loosening or a knocked-out tooth. Such minor surgeries can occur immediately by re-implanting it to the jaw, or through the use of dental implants.

The severe facial injuries are cases that involve bone fracture in areas such as the chin, lower jaw, or eye socket. To treat such a situation, we have to replace the broken or dislodged bone to its original position and make them immobile.

It is impossible to use a cast to make these bones immobile; therefore, other methods are utilized. One of these techniques requires wiring of the lower and upper jaws together to allow the bones to recover in the right position. Alternatively, plates and screws can also be used to permanently re-fix the bones to its initial position.

These complicated facial traumas are often severe because it can also affect other parts of the body. That is why the origin of techniques used to treat facial injuries can be traced to oral and maxillofacial surgeons who developed them during the wars in Korea, Vietnam, and the Middle East. The procedures were used to regulate bleeding, restore breath, and diagnose neurological complications. After the war, a lot of progress has been made in terms of reconstructive surgeries.


Preventing Facial Trauma


To prevent facial traumas, taking the initiative to use your seat belt, helmet, and protective gear when engaging in high-risk activities can make a dramatic difference. Athletes who are at risk of accidental facial damage should always use a mouth guard, and their affordability can save you from potential danger.

Nevertheless, if any situation leads to facial treatment, always ensure that you seek the advice of an oral and maxillofacial surgeon first, as they are in the right position to proffer the best treatment.

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