Now and then, technology brings improvement to the standard practices in dentistry and other fields. Although orthodontists have been making use of Temporary Anchorage Device (TADS) since the 1980s, there are just recently getting accepted as a method of treatment. TADS can prove to be of immense benefits to orthodontic patients.
TADS are dental implants which are screw-like and small and are made of titanium alloy. They work by providing a static point around which the movement of the teeth will occur. Teeth movement in the jaw can be compared to moving a stick through the sand.
When force is applied, sand in front of the stick moves to fill the spaces around it. The sand represents bone cells and cells of the periodontal ligament. When orthodontic appliances exert force on these cells, they move and become reformed.
The force needs to push against a fixed anchorage. The anchorage is gotten occasionally from cumbrous headgears but whenever possible orthodontist gets the anchorage by using the back of the teeth. In many situations, TADS can provide the needed anchorage.
What TADS Can Do
Although using teeth as an orthodontic anchor is preferable, it has some disadvantage in certain situations. For instance, the tooth at the needed anchor point may not be usable. And also when a greater force is employed, it can cause movement in the anchor teeth themselves.
TADS come in handy in such a situation, as the implants will provide the needed anchorage instead of the teeth. Other plus sides of using TADS include: they reduce the time required for treatment, they make wearing of elastics (rubber bands) unnecessary.
They also prevent the need for oral surgery in some cases. With TADS, an orthodontist can treat complex cases that in the past, would be very difficult to handle or cannot be treated at all.
Getting (and Maintaining) TADS
Just like dental implants, TADS are placed into the jawbone but do not always need to fuse with the bone. They can be fixed and removed with ease, through mechanical force alone.
TADS are fixed and removed through a painless minimally invasive procedure. The patient will be given a numbing shot to numb the area in which the device will be inserted so that the patient feels not a single pain, and within minutes, the process will be over. After the procedure, over the counter pain reliever will help with any pain felt.
Although specific instructions on how to maintain your TADS when in place will be given, you should employ the use of antimicrobial solutions in brushing them twice daily. Although every orthodontic patient does not need TADS, they will be highly beneficial to those who need them.