It is common for children to celebrate when they have their first loose tooth, but that is not the case with adults. When a tooth is not firmly attached to its socket, biting and chewing becomes hard and painful, and the tooth will eventually fall off or need to be removed. Prompt action will prevent this from happening.
Tooth looseness results from periodontal disease– a bacterial infection of the surrounding supporting gum and bone tissues of the teeth. Ineffective oral hygiene could cause the formation of bacterial plaques on the teeth, and this can lead to the occurrence of the infection.
With time, periodontal disease can lead to the loss of supporting bone of the tooth, and as the plaques and tartar on the teeth increases, gum tissues will detach from the teeth. Teeth slowly become loose with the loss of more bones, and this will make even the smallest amount of force when biting be harmful to the teeth. Loose teeth resulting from the untreated, periodontal infection will eventually fall out.
Bruxing (I.e., clenching and grinding of the teeth) involving too much biting force can cause the teeth to become loose. The periodontal ligaments joining the teeth to its supporting bone is stretched as a result of this excessive biting force, and this causes looseness of the teeth. Bruxing can increase the rate of bone loss while also causing jaw pain and tooth wear.
In the treatment of loose teeth, there is both a biological and mechanical approach. First, we will be looking at the organic approach.
A diseased gum can be controlled by meticulously cleaning the teeth and ridding it of bacteria-infested plaques and tartars. The cleaning is extended to the rotted teeth surface and is done by a dental professional during a visit.
After the cleaning, instructions on practical techniques and home products for your oral health will be given to you. This type of thorough cleaning, coupled with good oral hygiene, will alleviate gum inflammation and cause it to heal enough to cause more tightened teeth.
Mechanically, loose teeth are treated through modification of the forces put on the teeth. There are several methods to reach this feat, and one of them is by having an occlusal (bite) adjustment. This modification is done by carefully remodeling minimal amounts of tooth surface enamel.
This adjustment will alter the way the upper and lower teeth fit when they come together, thereby refocusing and reducing the force. Occasionally, replacement and restoration of broken filling and worn teeth will help restore a balanced bite.
Temporarily or permanently fixed splint to your teeth could reduce stress on the individual tooth by distributing biting force to the other teeth connected by the splint. The splint is a small metal bracket affixed to either the back or top of the teeth.
If bruxing becomes problematic, using a custom-made bite guard could become necessary. They are worn at night and during periods of stress that shield the teeth against excessive bite force.
They could also protect the teeth from excessive tooth wear and help relieve jaw pain.
Both biological and mechanical approaches have been proven to be successful in treating loose teeth. A thorough examination will first be carried out to know which of the plan best suits your case. When you feel looseness in your teeth, do not hesitate to seek help; the faster you treat it, the better.