Lasers are used in almost every equipment in various professions today, and the professional field of Dentistry is certainly benefiting from such innovations. The tool is becoming popular among practitioners in this field, and very soon, the old drills and probes will pave the way to laser technology.
Presently, these devices are being used in treating gum disease, detecting cancer, and pinpointing tooth decay in its early stages. It has also proven to be adept in precisely removing tissue, sealing painful ulcerations like canker sores, while also aiding in the treatment of small cavities.
Therefore, it is safe to say that dental laser technology will undoubtedly find even more applications in the nearest future.
How Do Lasers Work?
Lasers manipulate the character of the quantum behavior of electrons – the tiny particles inside atoms. They do this by stimulating atoms with pulses of energy; then, through optical amplification, they make the atoms produce a beam of uniform light.
In other words, they emit light, which has a great deal of energy, and it can be controlled accurately. The high level of energy and controllability of lasers is one of the features that make it so attractive.
Where Are Lasers Being Used?
Lasers are currently being used in the following areas of dentistry: disease detection, soft tissue treatments, and hard tissue treatments.
Lasers are used in several ways when it comes to dental diagnosis. It can detect tiny pits and fissures in the biting surfaces of the tooth, which is unlike the traditional dental tool. Detection helps the dentist to treat defects that are presently too small to be managed and monitored.
Aside from the above, lasers can locate dental calculus beneath the surface of the gums. It can even aid in the detection of oral cancer in its early stages, displaying accurately where the healthy and diseased tissue begins or ends respectively.
In the treatment of soft tissue related problems, lasers have proven to be quite helpful. They are minimally invasive tools that generally use less tissue than the conventional means.
It is used in gum surgery to treat gum disease by killing harmful bacteria located deep in pockets below the gum line. Lasers can also help in removing the diseased tissue without causing any harm to the healthy ones.
Lasers can help to remove the thin layer of cells that hinder the rejoining of the bone and gum tissues to the tooth. They can also seal-off the adjacent blood vessels. The procedure generally results in less bleeding and pain. Lasers are also quite efficient in the treatment of ulcers and sores on the lips or gums.
Lasers are increasingly being used in hard-tissue procedures, such as in the treatment of dental caries and cavities. It is mostly preferred because it is more exact in the amount of material it removes. Moreover, it eliminates the noise and vibration of the dental drill, which most patients might find uncomfortable.
These and more are the reasons why lasers and other high-tech tools will become an indispensable part of dental practice in the near future.